Patient Advocate–Pat Mastors
Empowered Through Loss
Creating A Patient Advocate
Pat Mastors’, patient advocate, “medical awakening” came with the tragic loss of her father. “My father, an otherwise healthy 76-year-old, fell down stairs at home and fractured vertebra in the neck. Surgery to fix it went well. But his intestines burst two days post-op. Later we learned it was from C.diff.”
Clostridium difficile or C. diff is a bacterial infection that “is most commonly associated with health care, occurring in hospitals and other health care facilities where a much higher percentage of people carry the bacteria,” according to Mayo Clinic’s website. It is easily passed along via spores that last on surfaces for weeks or even months.
Because of this hospital-acquired infection, Pat’s father survived only six months. “As a reporter, I felt people needed to know how easily unintended harm happens in even the best hospitals. Plus as his advocate and only daughter, I wondered if I’d known more, could I have made difference? I’ve been working on it ever since.”
Simple Communication is Needed
Having been a television newscaster taught Pat “efficient, simple communication of critical information empowers people to make informed choices.” Applied to healthcare she believes it transformative: “cultivates a more responsive and transparent system.” Her journalist’s training opens her mind to the many sides of any story, “I have spent years doing my best to understand the entire landscape and all the players in it. Nothing’s simple in healthcare!”
What You Need To Know Before Going Into the Hospital
Through her patient advocate research Pat’s gleaned five of the most important things someone going into the hospital need to know:
1) The third leading cause of death in the US is errors and infections. “Up to 440,000 are killed per year.”
2) “Ask your surgeon, “How many of these have you done? What’s the infection/complication rate? You learn a lot by how s/he responds.”
3) “Bring an advocate! Don’t go it alone.” Pat recommends a firm, non-adversarial professional who knows how to deal with people.
4) Understand that shift changes and “hand-offs” to other staff, are the time when errors happen—“things slip through the cracks.”
5) “Take notes, speak up if you see disconnects.”
Have Your Family With You In Hospital
Knowledge is power, and Pat knows firsthand that this is the case. Suddenly her daughter, who had walked the Appalachian Trail, was in the hospital. Jessica came down with a rare paralyzing nerve disorder called Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS). In GBS a person’s own immune system damages their nerve cells, causing muscle weakness and sometimes paralysis. “The challenge was to get the best from modern medicine, AND the best HUMAN investment from us, clinicians, input from other advocates, research, nutrition, etc.” Pat and the whole family were at Jessica’s bedside. “With shift changes and handoffs, we (family) were the only constant. We helped keep clinicians’ focused on her.”
Her family’s presence helped. Pat tells the story of one of many interactions which show the difference that can be achieved by having the family present. Jessica was having a radiological test and her pain medicine was wearing off. Pat asked the technician about getting transport back to Jessica’s room. She was told it would take as long as it takes for Transport to arrive. “I asked “how long before Transport gets here”?” The Chief of Radiology overheard the “I don’t know” answer and he himself wheeled the gurney! “This does not happen if you are not there to look them in the eye….” Pat says. “All doctors and nurses feel good when they are being human and kind with you… There are just so many distractions, WE FAMILY members’ presence reminds them.”
With the efforts of all the players, (physicians, nurses, family) focused on Jessica, she was out of the hospital significantly earlier than projected. “In 7 days (instead of 23), fully recovered in 3 months (instead of 6-12),” Pat states.
The Patient Pod
Making a difference for others is part of Pat’s advocacy. She created the Patient Pod. “I created it to bring patients hand hygiene, access to personal items, plus a way to take and store notes, post message (like “patient white board”) and keep discharge stuff organized. I wanted patients to have autonomy, dignity, things comforting and familiar, in a place where nothing you touch is yours.” In addition, the Patient Pod includes a plastic sleeve for the TV remote control, one of the dirtiest items in a patient’s room.
Design to Survive
She is also writing. Her recent book as a patient advocate,Design to Survive, proposes the IKEA model for the healthcare setting. She shows how a “model of partnership, savings and shared responsibility serves both provider and consumers worldwide.” As her table of contents points out:
“If IKEA designed health care…
1. We would always feel welcome
2. Instructions would be understandable to a 5th grader
3. A one-stop website would help us learn, connect, and plan
4. We’d get tools for success when we walked in the door
5. We customers would have to roll up our sleeves and help
6. Prices would be clearly marked…and we’d pay our own bills
7. The team that serves us would act more team-like
8. Hackers (the good kind) would thrive
9. It would live to innovate.”
Pat believes that simplicity saves lives and in that simplicity the patient’s voice is essential. “Patients/consumers need to speak up where appropriate, take time to give feedback, good and bad. Doctors, nurses are under the gun for performance: when they go the extra mile, write their bosses! If care’s poor, tell that, too.”
Pat Needs Your Help to Help Others
Presently Pat is looking for funding to educate more patient advocates, “We need more opportunities for the patients voice to be integrated into all aspects of care. The problem is, who are ‘Patient Advocates’? We’re self-defined, like ‘travelers.’” She believes that Patient Advocates need more professional development opportunities “so we can bring not just stories, but tangible and actionable take-aways to our audiences.” If you have any ideas for funding this endeavor, please comment on this blog post or at Pat’s Blog.
This post was developed from the transcript of #HCHLITSS chat December 19.
First published on #HCHLITSS Health Communication Health Literacy and Social Sciences.